Rugs have been made in Turkey since the 12th century and were exported to Europe in large quantities until early in the 20th century. In 1922, Kemal Ataturk, after a victory in a war with Greece, expelled some two million Turks of Greek descent from the country. Unfortunately, these included most of Turkey’s rug makers.
Most Turkish carpets were woven in villages in Anatolia (the part of Turkey that lies in Asia Minor) in bright, rich colours with geometric forms such as the star and diamond as well as linear floral forms.
Turkish prayer rugs have mihrabs (the prayer niche which represents the prayer niche in the Great Mosque in Mecca) with pointed arches and stepped sides.