Furniture made of oak with simple lines and minimal embellishment was extremely popular in America during the first quarter of the 20th century. The style was called “mission” because it was based on furniture found in the Franciscan missions in California.
Mission furniture has simple, straight lines and no ornate carving. It usually has squared “marlborough legs” without decorative feet. Chairs often have leather seats and backs consisting of a series of horizontal boards or “stiles”.
The leading exponent of this style of furniture was Gustav Stickley.
Gustav Stickley worked in a furniture manufacturing company owned by his uncle, and then in businesses which he partly owned from 1876. But it was only from 1900 that he began producing what he at first called “New Furniture”. In 1901, he began publishing a magazine, “The Craftsman”, promoting the Arts and Crafts philosophy of good, simple design rater than ornament, and this style of furniture. From this, Stickley’s furniture came to be described as “Craftsman” style.
Although Stickley’s furniture was machine-made, it had a handcrafted look – with visible tenons, exposed joints and the use of pins and pegs rather than nails or glue.
Craftsman style furniture quickly became extremely popular, leading to many imitators. But it went out of fashion just as quickly – causing Gustav Stickley to declare bankruptcy in 1915. Because it was produced for such a short time, Gustav Stickley’s furniture, particularly that produced between 1901 and 1904, can be very rare and expensive.
After Gustav went bankrupt, two of his brothers, Leopold and John George, purchased his factory and continued to produce mission style furniture under the name L & J G Stickley and, later, Stickley Manufacturing Co. The company was purchased in 1974 by Audi & Co which continues to make reproductions and adaptations of Stickley’s designs.
Antique Mission furniture available now (at eBay US)
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Solid Cherry Heartwood Stickley furniture Master dresser Mission Style
on March 19, 2019 at 8:27 am
$399.00 (0 Bids)End Date: Monday Mar-25-2019 13:27:24 PDTBid now | Add to watch list […]
Antique Stickley Mission Style Footstool Arts & Crafts Country Farm Step Stool
on March 19, 2019 at 3:28 am
$38.95End Date: Wednesday Apr-17-2019 20:28:37 PDTBuy It Now for only: $38.95Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]
Antique Set of 4 California Spanish Mission Early 20th Century Leather Chairs
on March 19, 2019 at 1:29 am
$669.99End Date: Wednesday Apr-17-2019 18:29:46 PDTBuy It Now for only: $669.99Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]
L&JG Stickley mission oak Rocker Large Size Great Condition! Pick up Only
on March 19, 2019 at 12:59 am
$250.00 (0 Bids)End Date: Saturday Mar-23-2019 17:59:58 PDTBid now | Add to watch list […]
L&JG Stickley mission oak Rocker Small Ladies Size Great Condition! Pick up Only
on March 19, 2019 at 12:53 am
$235.00 (0 Bids)End Date: Saturday Mar-23-2019 17:53:13 PDTBid now | Add to watch list […]