The first glass maker in Australia was Simon Lord who began blowing glass bottles in Sydney in 1813. However an industry was not established until 1872 when Andrew Felton and Frederick Grimwade established the Melbourne Glass Bottle Works (later ACI).
Carnival glass was produced at the Crystal Glass Works in Sydney from 1924. Uniquely Australian designs were produced in order to compete with the cheaper American product. In Australia, three base colours were used to make carnival glass: clear, aqua and dark amethyst. Australian flora and fauna patterns are common and very collectable.