Glass making in Europe made no advances for almost a thousand years after the fall of the Roman Empire. But in the Middle East, particularly in Syria, the industry remained active.
With the establishment of the Islamic Empire in the seventh century, an Islamic style developed. In the eighth and ninth centuries, engraved and cut decoration was used. From the thirteenth century, a characteristic Islamic style of enamel painting, frequently with inscriptions in red, blue and white, appeared. Lamps, tall, narrow beakers and long-necked bottles were the most common items.
Syria remained an important centre but glass wares were also made in Egypt, Mesopotamia and Persia. In Egypt, heraldic motifs, such as cups or eagles set in medallions, were often included in the decoration along with the script used elsewhere.