Until the end of the first century AD, the Buddha was represented only in symbols.
During the first century, Buddhism divided into two movements. The newer movement, called Mahayana (the Great Vehicle), as opposed to the older Hinayana (the Lesser Vehicle), deified the Buddha and provided him with a host of “saints” (Bodhisattvas).
Symbols were not suited to the pageantry of the new faith which demanded a human figure as its focus.
The Buddha image developed simultaneously in two places, Gandhara and Mathura.
Gandhara was the northwest corner of India and part of modern Pakistan and Afghanistan. It was the area conquered by Alexander the Great in 327 BC. Contacts with Greece and, later, Rome had been maintained and the Buddha image developed here was modelled on Roman sculpture.
In Mathura, 100 miles south of Delhi, the image of Buddha derived directly from the yaksha of popular Indian art.
By the third century, the two images began to coalesce into a form which served as a model for the earliest Chinese versions.
Iconographic elements of the Buddha image include the ushnisha (knot of hair on the head), ulna (a curl of hair on the forehead represented by a dot), long-lobed ears and the mudra (hand gestures).
Antique Buddhist artefacts available now
(Clicking on an item of interest will open a new window)
Reproduction Bronze Sukhothai Buddha Head on wooden base (made in Thailand)
on July 17, 2019 at 4:22 am
AU $120.00 (0 Bids)End Date: Wednesday Jul-24-2019 14:22:47 ESTBid now | Add to watch list […]
Chinese bronze Carved bronze Buddha statue
on July 17, 2019 at 2:28 am
AU $70.00 (0 Bids)End Date: Wednesday Jul-24-2019 12:28:54 ESTBid now | Add to watch list […]
Vintage Wooden Reclining Buddha Figure
on July 17, 2019 at 2:24 am
AU $600.00End Date: Saturday Aug-17-2019 12:24:39 ESTBuy It Now for only: AU $600.00Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]
14” Large Vintage Wood 100% Hand Carved *Buddha* Head Statue
on July 17, 2019 at 1:14 am
AU $140.85End Date: Saturday Aug-17-2019 11:14:03 ESTBuy It Now for only: AU $140.85Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]
buddha statue small
on July 16, 2019 at 10:15 pm
AU $5.00 (0 Bids)End Date: Wednesday Jul-24-2019 8:15:39 ESTBid now | Add to watch list […]