Kewpie doll
Kewpie doll

Celluloid was developed as a lightweight alternative to bisque in 1902. Jointed celluloid dolls first appeared in 1905 and dolls with sleeping eyes were first produced in 1914.. The impish Kewpie doll, based on an American cartoon by Rose O’Neill, appeared in 1912. Within a year several companies were making the dolls under licence. Bisque examples were made in Germany but by far the majority were celluloid. Celluloid was banned from use in toys during the 1950s because it is highly flammable.
 

Celluloid available now
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