Lapis lazuli is a composite mineral which has an intense, brilliant, deep blue colour. It sometimes contains gold or silver coloured flecks which are pyrites (fools’ gold). The finest quality lapis lazuli has a deep, even blue with no flecks.
Lapis was associated with capacity, brilliance, success and divine favour. When worked in the form of an eye and ornamented with gold it was thought to posses great power.