Prior to European colonisation, India had two distinct cultures, Hindu in the south and Islamic in the north, and two distinct styles of jewellery.
Hindu men wore specific jewellery to show that they had passed through various stages of life. The Hindu woman’s jewellery was her dowry and passed down from generation to generation.
Hindu jewellery reflected the wearer’s class. The rich wore gold jewellery set with diamonds, rubies, emeralds and pearls; the less wealthy had gold set with less precious stones; the relatively poor had silver jewellery while the lowest classes wore jewellery mad of intricately worked base metals.
Goldsmiths were highly respected members of society. They used only pure, 24-carat gold which was often lavishly decorated with repousse work, where the design is beaten out from behind. Stones were placed in indentations in the metal and held by thin bands of metal. The European claw setting was not used until well into the 19th century. Stones were set as cabochons, size was regarded as more important than brilliance and flaws were not cut out.
While Hindu jewellery often incorporated depictions of gods, people and animals, Islamic jewellery was always decorated with geometric or stylised patterns. Moslem pieces were rarely made of solid gold but were hollow and filled with lac, a dark red resin. The reverse side of many pieces were covered with colourful enamel decorations.
The European colonisers regarded the traditional Indian jewellery styles as vulgar and had local craftsmen make pieces in European styles. These included repousse lockets and bracelets from Madras and filigree silver from Cattack. Traditional Indian jewellery enjoyed a revival between about 1870 and 1890 when it became fashionable in Europe, particularly following Queen Victoria’s adoption of the title “Empress of India” in 1876.
As the wealth of the native rulers declined, they substituted foil-backed crystals for precious stones and used 18- or 22-carat gold in their jewellery.
Since India regained its independence in 1949, much of its jewellery production has been for the tourist trade; most of this is silver and much of it filigree work.
Vintage Indian jewellery available now
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Sterling Silver Hand Painted Ganesh PENDANT..Ganesha Hindu..lovely detail.
on January 15, 2019 at 3:55 am
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BUTW Anja Brow Third Eye Chakra Chakra Amulet Pewter Pendant Necklace 9753B
on December 16, 2018 at 4:54 pm
AU $19.62End Date: Friday Feb-15-2019 3:54:33 ESTBuy It Now for only: AU $19.62Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]
GI Jewelry US Military, AUM OM HINDU JAIN BUDDHIST 23-karat gold plated Pendant
on November 27, 2018 at 7:54 pm
AU $34.99End Date: Sunday Jan-27-2019 6:54:03 ESTBuy It Now for only: AU $34.99Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]
Necklace Nickel Silver Howlite Turquoise Middle Eastern Jewelry of Kuchi-Nomaden
on October 11, 2018 at 3:49 am
AU $28.36End Date: Friday Feb-8-2019 14:49:23 ESTBuy It Now for only: AU $28.36Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]
Collier Necklace Nickel Silver Howlite Red Middle Eastern Jewelry The
on October 11, 2018 at 3:49 am
AU $50.18End Date: Friday Feb-8-2019 14:49:23 ESTBuy It Now for only: AU $50.18Buy It Now | Add to watch list […]