These popular clocks of the last quarter of the nineteenth century were neither regulators nor always from Vienna. True regulators are clocks designed to achieve the highest possible precision. Vienna “regulators” give the appearance of being precise because they have a second hand. However, because of their short pendulum, the second hand rotates in 45 seconds and is purely for decoration. “Vienna” regulators, which were made in Germany and America as well as Austria, had a rectangular case of polished wood with glass at the front and sides. The top and bottom of the case was finished with ornate turned and carved timber and often a figure, such as an eagle at the top.