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American Jacobean, William & Mary, Queen Anne, Chippendale, Hepplewhite/Sheraton, Empire, Victorian, Mission & Art Deco furniture

American Furniture – early (to 1760)

Jacobean Furniture (1600 – 1700) The first furniture made in North America was modelled on the English furniture brought by the early settlers. The furniture was simple and straightforward but well proportioned and often had a great deal of flat carved decoration. The most commonly used wood was oak but pine and maple were also […]  Continue Reading »

American Furniture – Chippendale (1760 – 1785)

In America. the term “Chippendale” is used to refer to any Georgian furniture with European characteristics, not just the rococo decoration which Thomas Chippendale promoted. American Chippendale furniture is less grand and less lavishly decorated but more elegant than English. Its decoration style can be Gothic, Chinese or French. It is usually made from mahogany. […]  Continue Reading »

American Furniture – Hepplewhite/Sheraton (1790 – 1815)

Because of the American Revolutionary War, Thomas Adam’s neo-classical style of furniture never reached America and the Hepplewhite and Sheraton styles both arrived at about the same time. As a result, the two English styles tended to be mixed in America in a style sometimes called “Federal”. The prevailing forms were straight lines, rectangular forms […]  Continue Reading »

American Furniture – Empire (1815 – 1860)

As a result of the War of 1812 between the United States and England, Americans rejected the English Regency style and, instead, followed the French Empire style. As in France, this was bulky furniture with showy use of mahogany and rosewood veneers. But, unlike the French, American Empire made little use of Classical and Egyptian […]  Continue Reading »

American Furniture – Victorian (1840 – 1910)

As in Europe, the Victorian period in America saw an eclectic mix of revivals of past styles, including French, Gothic, Renaissance and Classical styles. No one style lasted throughout the Victorian period but several were in vogue at any given time. Often different styles were used for different rooms in one house; for example, a […]  Continue Reading »

American Furniture – Mission (1900 – 1920)

Furniture made of oak with simple lines and minimal embellishment was extremely popular in America during the first quarter of the 20th century. The style was called “mission” because it was based on furniture found in the Franciscan missions in California. Mission furniture has simple, straight lines and no ornate carving. It usually has squared “marlborough […]  Continue Reading »

Art Deco Furniture (1919 – 1939)

The increasing intrusion of technology into daily life fostered the development of the Art Deco during the 1920s and 1930s. This aimed to make use of new materials and techniques while retaining a simple, functional style. The result was angular, abstract and geometrical shapes usually with a highly lustrous finish and often inlaid with exotic […]  Continue Reading »